WebMD explains that sleep paralysis is when being conscious, but unable to move and it happens when passing between stages of wakefulness and sleep.
Waking up, not being able to move any part of the body and being completely aware of everything around you is a little scary . This condition is called sleep paralysis and is a frightening phenomenon that has happened to many.
A person is an entirely conscious and unable move his/her body and because of that , he/she becomes terrified and disturbed.
We can tell you that this phenomenon happens during one of two stages -“hypnagogic” and “hypnopompic”is common and does not lead to any physical damage.
Hypnagogic is before falling asleep, while hypnopompic sleep paralysis occurs after you wake from REM(rapid eye movement) sleep.
When you fall asleep, your body gets relaxed and the mind is less aware. Yet, in the case of hypnagogic sleep paralysis, our mind remains aware while our body is in an involuntary relaxation state and individual realizes that even he tries hard, he cannot move, and this can cause a panic attack.
In REM sleep, the muscles are paralyzed,and you will experience hypnopompic sleep paralysis, some part of his brain wakes. One may be in an awakened state, but he won’t be able to control his muscles.
Some people are lucky and never experience this phenomenon, or some have experienced it couple times in their life or even several times during the week.
Penn State University conducted a study and came to result that shows that around 8 percent of the population frequently experiences sleep paralysis.
It is found that people with mental disorders have more frequent episodes of these issues, this also goes for people with sleep condition,sleep apnea, and if you take some medications.
WebMD gives a list of risk factors:
• Sleep problems like nighttime leg cramps or narcolepsy
• Lack of sleep
• Mental conditions like bipolar disorder or stress
• Substance abuse
• Frequent changes in sleep schedule
• Certain medications like the ones with ADHD
• Sleeping on the back
When you have sleep paralysis, you can’t speak or move up to several minutes,usually shortly after they have fallen asleep, or just after waking up.
This can’t be medically treated, but the doctor may inquire into other aspects of the sleep health.
If an expert finds another underlying condition in the process of diagnosis, he may prescribe a treatment, such as:
• Treatment of any underlying sleep disorders
• Prescription for sleeping aids
• Referral to a mental health professional
• Implementation of a sleeping schedule
• Prescription for an anti-depressant
• Referral to a sleep specialist
Sometimes, you may prevent sleep paralysis episodes if you reduce the stress before going to sleep .
This experience doesn’t mean that you need a professional help especially if it happens rarely just pay attention to your sleeping habits because the lack of sleep can be a trigger.
Reduce the intake of caffeine, nicotine, alcohol/drugs, nicotine, and caffeine, and remove your electronic from your bedroom.
For the end all you have to do is to remember that it is nothing terrifying, so try to stay calm and don’t panic.
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