There is more than one type of seizure,so people aren’t sure that they’re experiencing one. Seizures have many shapes , and they affect people in different ways.
A seizure is a sudden surge of electrical activity in the brain ,it temporarily affects how a person appears or acts for a short period of time.
Epilepsy Foundation has an explanation that seizures are caused by a complex chemical change in our nerve cells ,these cells promote or stop, nerves from sending messages; however, when a seizure happens, there’s too much or too little activity by these nerve cells, causing an imbalance.
The important fact is that a seizure is a single occurrence, but epilepsy is defined as two or more seizures.
WebMD gives this onset of a seizure:
– Brain tumors
– Head injuries
– Electrolyte imbalance
– Extremely low blood sugar
– Repetitive sounds or flashing lights
– Medications, including antipsychotics and some asthma drugs
– Withdrawal from medications like Xanax, narcotics or alcohol
– Use of drugs
– Brain infections, such as meningitis
Types of seizures and their warning signs:
There are two types and many sub types diagnose based on the pattern and severity of the attack, says WebMD.
This type of seizure affects the entire brain and there are six sub types with their different warning signs and symptoms:
1. Grand mal or generalized tonic-clonic: Unconsciousness, convulsions, muscle rigidity
2. Absence: Brief loss of consciousness
3. Myoclonic: Sporadic jerking movements
4. Clonic: Repetitive, jerking movements
5. Tonic: Muscle stiffness, rigidity
6. Atonic: Loss of muscle tone
Partial (or focal) seizures
This kind of seizure involves just a small part of the brain and partial seizures can spread to other parts of the brain.
There are several sub types:
-Simple motor: Jerking, muscle rigidity, spasms, head-turning
- Simple sensory: Unusual sensations affecting either the vision, hearing, smell, taste or touch
-Simple psychological: Memory or emotional disturbances
Impairment of awareness and the onset of involuntary but coordinated movements: lip smacking, chewing, fidgeting, walking and other repetitive movements.
Partial seizure with secondary generalization:
Retained consciousness that deteriorates into a loss of consciousness and then into convulsions
Before a seizure:
Posible a certain set of symptoms like awareness, emotional, sensory and thought changes before a seizure occurs, says the Epilepsy Foundation:
– Déjà vu (a feeling of being there before but never have)
– Jamais vu (a feeling that something is very familiar but it isn’t)
– Visual loss, visual blurring
– “Strange” feelings
– Fear and/or panic
– Pleasant feelings
– Racing thoughts
– Dizzy or lightheaded
– Nausea or other stomach feelings (such as a rising feeling from the stomach to the throat)
– Numbness or tingling in part of the body
For more information check out the Epilepsy Foundation’s website.
Treating seizures are different for each patient. It can be a drug ,based on symptoms and existing health conditions.
Severe cases of epilepsy are rare but if they occur this might require surgery,but only if medications don’t help.
A ketogenic diet might also be prescribed.This is a diet of a high fat content and low carbohydrate content. In the end, your treatment will depend on what kind of seizures you have and how often you experience them.
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