According to the latest statistics, the medical experts say that strokes are a leading cause of adult disability and the fourth leading cause of death in the U.S. It is a “brain attack” that occurs when blood flow to a part of brain is interrupted.
You should know that there are 2 major types of strokes: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic strokes are more common and are caused by a narrowing or blocking of arteries to the brain, resulting in severely reduced blood flow.
Hemorrhagic strokes are less common and are caused by bleeding in the brain.
Recognizing the initial symptoms and signs is the best prevention. Once you notice anything strange that worries you, consult your doctor immediately.
In this way you can prevent any serious damage or handicap, plus you are more likely to get a proper treatment.
Every type of stroke is characterized with different symptoms, and it has a different impact in every individual. But, strokes have one thing in common – their symptoms occur suddenly. We give you the most common signs and symptoms of stroke:
– Trouble strolling, loss of balance or control – Trouble talking, along with difficulties to understand speech
– Numbness in the arm, leg or face, particularly on one side
Other common symptoms are the following:
– complete paralysis – Vision problems on one or both eyes
– Sudden disappointment without a particular cause
In order to recognize the beginning of a stroke, you need to learn the F.A.S.T. acronym, and here is its meaning:
1. Face: You should examine whether a side of the face sags, and ask the patient to smile. 2. Arms: Ask the patient to lift the arms and see whether one of them drifts downward. 3. Speech: Ask the patient to replicate a fundamental phrase and check if the speech is odd or slurry
4. Time: Every single minute is of crucial importance, so you should call an ambulance as soon as possible.
Keep in mind that the warning symptoms occur instantly. Do not wait for your condition to improve or get worse. Call an ambulance once you notice any of the aforementioned symptoms.
Do not even try to drive to the hospital, because the medical team will start off their life-saving techniques way before you even get to the hospital.
Moreover, even if it comes to experience these symptoms and they vanish after a few minutes, still you should visit doctor as those short episodes are known as transient ischemic assaults (TIAs). They may increase the risk of a full stroke soon.
People sometimes may confuse symptoms of stroke and migraine, so this is how to differentiate them:
– The warning signs of strokes occur suddenly, while migraine occur gradually and spread.
– Sometimes, symptoms of a migraine are positive in the form of added stimuli, viewing flashing lights or zigzag forms. But in contrast, TIA signs normally start with unpleasant symptoms hearing loss, loss of vision, and loss of limb power.
Strokes occur regardless of time or age, but these risk factors elevate the chances:
– High blood pressure – Diabetes – Older age (55 and above) – Smoking – Blood disorders, atrial fibrillation, problems with the heart muscle – Moody migraines, aesthetic disruptions
– A matter of genes
In order to prevent strokes, you need to avoid the risks and consume a healthy and balanced diet, high in fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and regularly exercise in order to keep the body healthy.